FARMERS’ MANAGEMENT CAPACITIES AS A SUCCESS FACTOR IN AGRICULTURE: A REVIEW
Farms operating under more or less similar environmental and socio-economic conditions often reﬂect signifcant differences in production and economic results they achieve. Such differences are most commonly attributed to: biological factors, the level of specialization, the intensity of production, the size of farms and/or implemented production practice, etc. It is considered that the differences in achieved results, that is, the success of a farm can be, to a large extent, explained by variations in farmers’ management capacities. Management capacities can be defned as possession of appropriate personal characteristics and capabilities of farmers (managers) to cope with specifc problems and opportunities at the right time and in the right way.
With the changes taking place within the modern agricultural production, it is becoming more and more diffcult to maintain competitive advantages, thus the farmers are progressively confronted with the requirements for certain management capacities which will enable them to take advantage of the existing conditions in the best possible way, i.e. to choose and implement the optimal production practice.
As the management capacities are rarely explicitly defned and quantifed, particularly when it comes to agricultural producers, the aim of this study is to provide a review of the previous research in this feld while highlighting the signifcance of these issues.
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