LEGAL PROTECTION OF LAND FROM POLLUTION
Situated in the study conducted in this paper, using the method of analysis of contents, induction and deduction, historical and legal dogmatic indicated that ecology as their object of legal protection has three global natural values: air, water, land, and atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere as constituent elements of the biosphere. Land as a special natural product comprises a solid layer of the Earth that is specifc to the biosphere. The importance of land from the perspective of sustainable development is multifaceted, especially when seen through its environmental, industrial, manufacturing, socio-economic, educational, scientifc, cultural, historical and any other useful functions. Its most important function is to fertility and the ability to ﬂora supplying water, oxygen and mineral substances. Natural processes that led to the creation of land argue the view that it belongs to the so-called renewable resources, but only if it’s a man rational use and encourages their natural reproduction. In accordance with current legislation and categorization of land, this survey includes agricultural land. In this paper, we have opted for ecological and legal land protection as one of the most important natural resources whose quality and extent of a very signifcant impact on the environment as a whole. The introductory part of the paper included a terminological demarcation and specificity of the case study of environmental law, as well as the possible forms of soil pollution. Methodological framework of research, using the method of content analysis of existing domestic and international legal legislation, method comparison and synthesis were studied legal documents that protect the land from pollution.
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Legislation and websites:
1. Agricultural land Act,RS Offcial Gazette, no. 62/2006, 65/2008 – other laws and 41/2009.
2. Chemicals Act, RS Offcial Gazette, no. 36/2009.
3. Decree regarding programme of systematic monitoring of land quality, indicators for assessment of risk from land degradation and methodology for making remedial programmes, RS Offcial Gazette, no. 88/2010.
4. Environmental protection Act, RS Offcial Gazette, no. 135/2004, 36/2009 – et., 72/2009 – other laws.
5. List of substances that cause concern, RS Offcial Gazette, no. 31/2011.
6. Mining and geological research Act, RS Offcial Gazette, no. 88/2011.
7. Rule book on allowed quantities of hazardous and noxious materials in land and water for irrigation and methods for their examination, RS Offcial Gazette, no. 23/1994.
8. Rule book on cadastral classifcation of land, RS Offcial Gazette, no. 37/94, 49/94.
9. The law on ratifying the Basel Convention on control of Trans boundary movements of hazardous waste and their disposal, RS Offcial Gazette – International Agreements, no. 2/1999.
10.The law on ratifying the Convention on availability of information, participation of the public in making decisions and the right to legal protection in environmental matters, RS Offcial Gazette – International Agreements, no. 38/2009.
11. The law on ratifying the draft Convention of UN on climate changes with annexes, RS Offcial Gazette - International Agreements, no. 2/1997.
12.The law on ratifying the Kyoto protocol with draft Convention of UN on climate changes, RS Offcial Gazette – International Agreements, no. 88/2007, 38/2009 – other laws.
13.The law on ratifying the Stockholm Convention on long-term organic polluting substances, RS Offcial Gazette – International Agreements, no. 42/2009.
14.Waste management Act, RS Offcial Gazette, no. 36/2009, 88/2010.
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