RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY – A PERSPECTIVE OF LOCAL ACTORS IN SERBIA
Key challenge in transitional countries is effective decentralized local governance with strong capacities for dealing with new rural development programming instruments. In this paper we have examined the attitudes of local rural development actors (RDA) in Serbia on rural development policy priorities, in particular their attitudes on benefciaries of rural development measures, policy objectives, and the most efficient strategies of rural development. We also analysed whether the respondents’ attitudes differ depending on the socio-economic characteristic of surveyed regions (South and North of Serbia). Data on attitudes of RDAs were collected through direct survey with representatives of 30 rural communities, and analysed using descriptive statistics methods and Ajzen’s theory of planned behaviour. Results indicate that respondents’ attitudes on rural policy are conservative and oriented towards objectives related to agriculture and interests of farmers and that socio-economic characteristic of the regions contribute to distinction in attitudes of RDAs.
2. Bogdanov, N. (2007): Small Rural Households in Serbia and Rural Non-farm Economy, UNDP, Belgrade.
3. Barbieri, C., Mahoney, C. (2009): Why is diversifcation an attractive farm adjustment strategy? Insights from Texas farmers and ranchers, Journal of Rural Studies, Elsevier, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 58–66, (available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016708000399).
4. Bogdanov, N. (2014): The development of support for less favoured areas and deprivileged regions: challenge of agricultural policy in Serbia, Proceedings from the conference – EAAE Congress: Agri-Food and Rural Innovations for Healthier Societies, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
5. Bowler, I., Clark, G., Crockett, A., Ilbery, B., Shaw, A. (1996): The Development of Alternative Farm Enterprises: A Study of Family Labour Farms in the Northern Pennines of England, Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 12, No. 13, pp. 285- 295, Elsevier, (available at:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0743016796000150).
6. Blad, M. (2010): Pluriactivity of farming families - old phenomenon in new times, Proceedings from the conference – Linking competitiveness with equity and sustainability: new ideas for the socio-economic development of rural areas, Vol. 7, pp. 155-156.
7. Defrancesco, E., Gatto, P., Runge, F., Trestini, S. (2008): Factors Affecting Farmers’ Participation in Agri-environmental Measures: A Northern Italian Perspective, Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 59, No. 1, pp. 114–131, The Agricultural Economics Society, Oxon, United Kingdom, (available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1477-9552.2007.00134.x/pdf).
8. Davis, J. (2006): Rural non-farm livelihoods in transition economies: emerging issues and policies, electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, Vol. 3, No 2, pp. 180–224, Agricultural and Development Economics Division (ESA) FAO, (available at: http://www.fao.org/3/aah756e.pdf).
9. Dries, L., Pascucci, S., Gardebroek, C. (2011): Pluriactivity in Italian Agriculture: Are Farmers Using Interlinked Strategies? Proceedings from the conference – EAAE Congress: Change and Uncertainty; Challenges for Agriculture, Food and Natural Resource, Zurich, Switzerland.
10. Freshwater,D. (2000):What can Social Scientists Contribute to the Challenges of Rural Economic Development?, Journal of Agriculture and Applied Economcs, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 345-355, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, (available at:: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/15504/1/32020345.pdf).
11. Gorton, M., Douarin, E., Davidova, S.M., Latruffe, L. (2008): Attitudes to Agricultural Policy and Farming Futures in the Context of the 2003 CAP Reform: a comparison of farmers in selected established and new Member States, Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 322-336, Elsevier, (available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016707000642).
12. Hartell, J., Kilkenny, M., Swinnen, J. F. M. (2002): European Rural Development Policy Preferences, Proceedings from the conference – EAAE Congress: Exploring Diversity in the European Agri-Food System, Zaragoza, Spain.
13. Herbel, D., Crowley, E., Ourabah Haddad, N., Lee, M. (2012): Good practices in building innovative rural institutions to increase food security, FAO, Rome.
14. Kotevska, A., Martinovska-Stojcheska, A., Ohlmer, B., Dimitrevski, D. (2013): Attitudes of Macedonian farmers toward EU accession, Agroeconimca Croatica, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 9-17, Croatian Society of Agricultural Economists, Zagreb, Croatia, (available at: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/172534/2/2-2.pdf).
15. Lowe, P., Murdoch, J., Ward, N. (1995): Networks in rural development beyond exogenous and endogenous models, In: Beyond modernization: The impact of endogenous rural development, No. 1, pp. 87-106, Van Gorcum, Assen, Netherlands.
16. Muilu, T., Rusanen, J.(2003): Rural young people in regional development— the case of Finland in 1970–2000, Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 295- 307, Elsevier, (available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016703000032).
17. Nickerson, N. P., Black, R. J., McCool, S. F. (2001): Agritourism: Motivations behind Farm/Ranch Business Diversifcation, Journal of Travel Research, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 19-26, Sage journals, (available at: http://jtr.sagepub.com/content/40/1/19.full.pdf).
18. Papić, R. (2013): Institucionalni okvir ruralnog razvoja u Srbiji – zadaci i izazovi za lokalne samouprave, MSc. thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
19. Stockdale, A., Findlay, A., Short, D. (2000): The repopulation of rural Scotland: opportunities and threats, Journal of Rural Studies, Vol.16, No.2 pp. 243- 257, Elsevier, (available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016799000455).
20. Stockdale, A. (2006): Migration: Pre-requisite for rural economic regeneration?, Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 354–36, Elsevier, (available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016705001002).