SUSTAINABLE INTENSIFICATION IN AGRICULTURE AS A FACTOR OF ACHIEVING FOOD SECURITY

  • Katarina Đurić, Ph.D. University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture
  • Zoran Njegovan, Ph.D. University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture

Abstract

Ending hunger, achieving food security and promoting sustainable development are at the top of the list of United Nations sustainable global development priorities after 2015. In addition to many positive effects, efforts of mankind regarding the reduction of rural poverty realized through the Green Revolution have had many negative effects, primarily related to natural resources. Irreversible devastation of land, air and water quality deterioration and jeopardizing biodiversity have been recognized as key elements of unsustainability of existing agricultural development concept. Consequently, there is a need for the adoption of a new concept of agricultural development, which will lie between intensive conventional and organic farming. The concept which has already been applied in some regions of the world and whose basic goal is to fnd a way to increase production with a negligible negative impact on the environment is sustainable agricultural intensifcation. The aim of this paper is to look at both positive and negative aspects of biotechnology development so far and point out the place and role the sustainable intensifcation concept should have in relation to conservation of natural resources and achievement of food security.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Bertini, C., Glicman, D. (2013): Advancing global food security. The power of science, trade and business, available at: www.thechicagocouncil.org/UserFiles/File/GlobalAgDevelopment/2013 SymposiumGlobal Food Securityembargoed.pdf
2. Bindraban, P.S., van der Velde, M., Ye, L., van der Berg, M., Materechera, S., Kiba, D.I., Hoogmoed, W. (2012): Assessing the impact of soil degradation on food production, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 478-488
3. Đurić, K. (2015): Food security as a goal of global sustainable development after 2015, Contemporary Agriculture, Vol. 64, No. 3-4, pp. 255-261
4. FAO (2001): Conservation agriculture. Case studies in Latin America and Africa, available at: www.fao.org/docrep/003/y1730e/y1730e03.htm
5. FAO (2011): Land degradation assessment in drylands (LADA), Project fndings and recommendations, Unated Nations environmental programme, FAO, Rome
6. FAO (2015): The State of Food Insecurity in the World, Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress, Rome
7. Fresco, L.O. (2015): The new green revolution: bridging the gap between science and society, Current Science, Vol. 109, No. 3, pp. 430-438
8. Goldfray, H.C.J., Garnett, T. (2014): Food security and sustainable intensifcation, Phil. Trans. R. B 369: 20120273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2012.0273
9. Harvey, M., Pilgrim, S. (2011): The new competition for land: Food, energy, and climate change, Food Policy, No. 36, pp. 40-51
10. Juma, C., Tabo, R., Wilson, K., Conway, G. (2013): Innovation for Sustainable Intensifcation in Africa, The Montpellier Panel, Agriculture for Impact, London
11. Kharas, H., McArthur, J., Gertz, G., Nowlds, S., Noe, L. (2015): Ending rural hunger: mapping needs and action for food and nutrition security, Global Economy and Development at Brookings, http://endingruralhunger.org
12. Marković, K. (2011): Development factors of agriculture and their influence upon the world food situation, Agroekonomika, No. 51-52, pp. 49-58
13. Montanarella, L. (2007): Trends in land degradation in Europe, In Climate and Land Degradation, Edited by Sivakumar MVK, Ndiang N. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 83- 104
14. Pejanović, R. (2015): Neodrživost dosadašnjeg koncepta razvoja i problem prehrambene bezbednosti hrane, Letopis naučnih radova, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 141-152, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Novi Sad
15. Petit, S., Munier-Jolanin, N., Bretagnolle, V., Bocktaller, C., Gaba, S., Cordeau, S., Lechenet, M., Meziere, D., Colbach, N. (2015): Ecological Intensifcation Through Pesticide Reduction: Weed Control, Weed Biodiversity and Sustainability of Arable Farming, Environmental Management, Vol. 56, pp. 1078-1090
16. Phalan, B., Balmford, A., Green, R., Scharlemann, J. (2011): Minimising the harm to biodiversity of producing more food globally, Food Policy, Vol. 36, pp. 62-71
17. Pingali, P.L. (2012): Green Revolution: Impact, limits, and the path ahead, PNASProceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, Vol. 109, No. 31, pp. 12302-12308
18. Pretty, J.N. (1997): The sustainable intesifcation of agriculture, Natural Resources Forum, Vol. 4, pp. 247-256
19. Pretty, J.N. (2008): Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and evidence. Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. B 363, pp. 447-465
20. Tilman, D. et al. (2009): Benefcial biofuels – the food, energy and environment trilemma. Science 325 (July), pp. 270-271
21. Tilman, D., Balzer, C., Hill, J., Beford, B. (2011): Global food demand and the sustainable intensifcation of agriluture, PNAS, Vol. 108, No. 50, pp. 20260-20264
22. UNITED NATIONS (2013): World population prospects: the 2012 Revision, available at: https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/un-report-worldpopulation-projected-to-reach-9-6-billion-by-2050.html
23. UNITED NATIONS (2014): The road to Dignity by 2030 – Ending poverty, Transforming All Lives and Protecting the Planet, Syntesis Report of the Secretary-General On the Post-2015 Agenda, New York
24. Wright, J. (2008): Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in an Era of Oil Scarcity. Earthscan. London
Published
2016-08-31
How to Cite
ĐURIĆ, Katarina; NJEGOVAN, Zoran. SUSTAINABLE INTENSIFICATION IN AGRICULTURE AS A FACTOR OF ACHIEVING FOOD SECURITY. Economics of Agriculture, [S.l.], v. 63, n. 3, p. 929-942, aug. 2016. ISSN 2334-8453. Available at: <http://ea.bg.ac.rs/index.php/EA/article/view/207>. Date accessed: 13 nov. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/ekoPolj1603929D.