• Simo Veljko Stevanovic Belgrade University, Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade
  • Snezana M. Stevanovic Belgrade University, Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade



Renewable energy sources, biomass, agricultural biomass, energy production, EU Regulations and Directives on RSE


The use of RESs reduces the emission of gases and hazardous materials into the atmosphere, which has an impact on the improvement of the quality of the environment. The use of biomass, especially that from municipal waste and agriculture, reduces the need for importing energy sources. Energy production from RES is a fast-growing economy branch employing a significant workforce.

Of 5.6 Mtoe of the total annual usable technical potential of the RES in Serbia, 1.96 Mtoe (i.e. 35%) is used up, whereas only 1.1 Mtoe (i.e. 32%) is used up of 3.4 Mtoe of the total biomass.

The paper is aimed at indicating the significance of the production of renewable energy from biomass, the available quantities, the structure and the advantages of using it in the future development of the energy sector. Some states, Serbia included, have prescribed stimuli to green energy kW delivered to power distribution enterprises.


Download data is not yet available.


Banjac, M. (2012). Renewable Energy Sources in Serbia – The Lega Framework, Obligations and Plans, 6th December 2012.

Bozell, J.J. (1999). Renewable feedstock for the production of chemicals. In: Proceedings of the 217th ACS national meeting, Division of Fuel Chemistry, Vol. 44., 187-191.

Council Directive of 28 March 1983 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations (83/ 189/EEC), Official Journal of the European Communities No L 109/8, 26.04.1983.

Dakic, D., Eric, A., Djurovic, D., Eric, M., Zivkovic, G., Repic, M., Mladenovic M., Nemoda, S., Mirkov, N., Stojanovic A. (2009). One Way to Use the Side Products from Agricultural Production as Fuel PTEP, 13(1).

Dakic, D., Kragic, B. (2008). Biomass by products used as a fuel in PKB corporation, BIOSYNERGY enlargement and Integration Workshop, 17-18 April 2008., JRC institute for Energy, Petten, Holland.

Directive 2003/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 July 2003 on the initial qualification and periodic training of drivers of certain road vehicles for the carriage of goods or passengers, amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3820/85 and Council Directive 91/439/EEC and repealing Council Directive 76/914/EEC.

Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives, Official Journal of the European Union L 312/3, 22.11.2008.

Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC (European Council. 5 June 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2016.

Directive 96/92/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 December 1 996 concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity, Official Journal of the European Communities, No L 27/20, 30.01.1997.

Energy 2020-A strategy for competitive, sustainable and secure energy. European Commission, 2010.

Energy Balance of the Republic of Serbia for the Year 2020, Official Gazette of the RoS, 94/2019.

Janjic, T., Brkic, M., Igic, S., Dedovic, N. (2010). Biomass – the Energy Resource of the Future, Contemporary Agricultural Technique, 36(2), 167-177, Novi Sad.

Jordanovic-Vasic, M. (2009). The Use of Biomass from Agricultural Waste as a Renewable Energy Source, Science+Practice, 12(1), 60-63, Niš.

Jovanovic, D. (2018). The Model of a Multidisciplinary Approach to Using Renewable Energy Sources, Doctoral Dissertation, Singidunum University, Belgrade.

Kokeza, G. (2020). The Green Economy and the Long-Term Strategy for the Development of the Energy Sector, Proceedings of the 35th International Advisory Conference ENERGETIKA 2020, Union of the Energy Professionals of Serbia, 24th-27th June 2020, 30-34, Zlatibor.

Law on Energy, Offcial Gazette of the RoS, 95/2018.

Milenkovic, D. (2017). The Signifcance of the European Standards in Using Renewable Energy Sources in the Republic of Serbia and the EU: Renewable Energy Sources, European Movement Serbia, European Volumes (6), 20-27, Belgrade.

National Action Plan for Using Renewable Energy Sources (NAPRES), Official Gazette of the RoS, 53/2013.

National Strategy for Sustainable Development, Official Gazette of the RoS, 101/2007.

National Strategy for the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources and Goods, Official Gazette of the RoS, 33/2012.

National Television News, June 2021, (

NPEE Study, Republic of Serbia – Ministry of Science and the Environment Protection, Belgrade, 2004, Record Number EE704-1052A.

Petrovic, S. (2018). The Role of RESs in the Development of the Serbian Energy Sector, The First Conference on Renewable Electrical Energy Sources, Union of Mechanical and Electrical Engineers and Technicians of Serbia (UMEETS), Society for Renewable Electrical Energy Sources, Belgrade.

The Strategy for the Development of the Energy Sector of the Republic of Serbia by the Year 2025, with Projections by the Year 2030, Official Gazette of the RoS, 101/2015.

Vorlop, K.D. (2005). Nachwachsende Rochstoffe-Potenziale und Konversionswege zu Biokraftstoffen, Proceedings of Conference “Kraftstoffe der Zukunft”, Block II 1-14, Berlin, Germany.

White, L.P., Plasket, L.G. Biomass as fuel, Academic Press, London, 1981.

Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy (




How to Cite

Stevanovic, S. V., & Stevanovic, S. M. (2022). BIOMASS AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE . Economics of Agriculture, 69(1), 195–209.