Land reform in Russia: a chance to increase effectiveness?
The Federal Law “About turnover of agricultural land” was adopted in Russia in 2002. Certainly, there was the land market in Russia before this adoption, but it was embryonic, without any legal base. The roots of this situation are in the land reform of 1995-1998s. It was implemented based on the Decrees of the President of Russian Federation that “implanted” the institute of private land property and distributed the land shares between joint-stock companies, owners’ partnerships, cooperatives and citizens. This reform formed the unregulated land market in Russian Federation and mess in agricultural land resources that we see now in Russia. The Federal Law “About turnover of agricultural land” adopted with hard debates and unreasonable claims from different groups of deputies to the government created the more predictable situation the market of agricultural land in Russian Federation.
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