PERSPECTIVES OF DEVELOPMENT OF GREEN JOBS IN BULGARIA
The transformation to green sectors of the economy in Bulgaria leads after it the need of new type of professions, which would be capable to cope with the new conditions and requirements which different businesses are facing. The knowledge of creation of green jobs in Bulgaria is insuffcient, which makes this paper state of art. Green jobs in Bulgaria are connected with transfer of business activities to green ones. The paper analyzes and evaluates the current conditions of creation of green jobs in Bulgaria. It is proposed analysis of the requirements in Bulgaria about the eligible criteria to apply for funding under the measurement of green jobs; based on research SWOT analysis of creation of green jobs. The results are systematized in fndings, conclusions and policy recommendations, as changing conditions of applying to measurement, payment connected to employees, and etc. As well is proposed cooperation between other existing measurements for reaching sustainable employment in Bulgaria.
2. European Commission (EC), (2013): European Employment Observatory Review, Promoting green jobs throughout the crisis: a handbook of best practices in Europe 2013, EC, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, Luxemburg, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10295&langId=en
3. Employment agency (2010): Selection procedure for employers by using promoting measures for employment and training under the Low of employment promoting, Measure - hiring unemployed persons with maintained registration at less than 6 months of “green jobs”, Employment agency, Sofa, Bulgaria, available at: www.az.government.bg/pages/myarka-naemane-na-bezrabotni-lica-s-neprekasnato-poddarzhana-registraciq-nad-6-meseca-na-zeleni-rabotni-mesta/
4. Farrell, C. (2011): Green Jobs Inside the industry, ABDO, Nord Mankato, Minnesota.
5. Harizanova, H. (2015): Implementation of ISO 14001 in Bulgaria, Scientifc Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, vol. 15, no. 1/2015, pp.193-198, available at: http://managementjournal.usamv.ro/index.php/scientifc-papers/current
6. International Organization for Standardization (IOS), (2013): The ISO Survey of Management System Standard Certifcations (1999-2013), available at: www.iso.org/iso/iso-survey
7. Jacobs, M. (1994): Green Jobs? The Employment Implications of Environmental Policy, WWF, Surrey, United Kingdom.
8. Jarvis, A., Varma, A., Ram, J. (2011): Assessing green jobs potential in developing countries, A practitioner ’ s guide, ILO, Geneva, Switzerland.
9. Llewellyn, B., Hendrix, J. (2008): A Guide to Eco-Friendly Employment, Adams Media publishing, Avon, USA.
10.Luca, L. (2011): The ILO’s Rural Employment and Decent Work Programme Unleashing rural development through employment and decent work: A pressing need and timely investment, ILO publishing, Genève, Switzerland, available at: http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/documents/publication/wcms_158583.pdf
11. Ministry of Labour and Social Policy (2014): National action plan for employment 2014, Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, Sofa, Bulgaria.
12.Miteva, A., Stoyanova, Z., Harizanova, H., Peicheva, M., Doichinova, J., Kanchev, I. (2014): Green jobs - tool of ecologisation of Bulgarian Economy, Research project, NID NI1-6/2014, Preliminary results, University of national and world economy, Sofa, Bulgaria.
13.OECD (2012): Employment Outlook 2012, Chapter 4 “What Green Growth Means for Workers and Labour Markets: an Initial Assessment”, pp. 163-217, OECD Publishing, Paris, France, available at: www.oecd.org/els/emp/EMO%202012%20Eng_Chapter%204.pdf
14.Peicheva, M., Harizanova, H., Miteva, A. (2014): Project Research of the needs to conduct social audit and implementation of standards of social and environmental responsibility in Bulgaria, Research project, NID NI1-4/2014, Preliminary results, University of national and world economy, Sofa, Bulgaria.
15.Renner, M. (2008): Green Jobs: Working for People and the Environment, World Watch Institute, Washington DC, USA.
16.Renner, M., Sweeney, S., Kubit, J., Mastney, L. (2008): Green Jobs: Working for People and the Environment, World Watch Institute, Washington DC, USA.
17.Sharma, H. (2011): Green Jobs and Decent Work: An Agenda for Sustainable Agriculture in India, “Will the „BRIC’s Decade continue? – Prospects for trade and growth”, IAMO Forum, 23-24 June 2011, Halle (Saale), Germany, pp. 2, available at: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/115366/2/Sharma_IAMO_Forum_2011.pdf
18.Stoevska, V., Hunter, D. (2012): Proposals for the statistical defnition and measurement of green jobs, International labour offce, Department of statistics, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 18, available at: www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---stat/documents/event/wcms_195698.pdf
19.Sustainlabour (2013): Green jobs and related policy frame works - an overview of the European Union, February 2013, report, Sustainlabour, Madrid, Spain, available at: www.sustainlabour.org/documentos/Green%20and%20decent%20jobs-%20An%20Overview%20from%20Europe%20FINAL.pdf
20.UNEP/ILO/IOE/ITUC (2009): Green Jobs: Towards decent work in a sustainable, lowcarbon world, report, Publishing Services Section of United Nations Offce at Nairobi, Kenya, available at: www.unep.org/PDF/UNEPGreenjobs_report08.pdf
21.EMAS, Reports and statistics, portal EMAS, European Commission, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/emas/register/reports/reports.do, accessed at: April 2015.