AGRICULTURAL LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AND FOOD INSECURITY TRANSITIONS AMONG MAIZE FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN RURAL NIGERIA
Keywords:Labour productivity growth, Chronic food insecurity, Transitory food insecurity, Rural, Nigeria
Agriculture in rural Nigeria is labour-intensive. Thus, the much-desired transition from food insecurity to food security by householdsrequires growth in labour productivity. Labour productivity growth and its eﬀect among other factors on food security transitions of maize farming households in rural Nigeria were assessed. Food insecurity indices were constructed using the second and third waves of data from the General Household Survey Panel (2012 and 2015), and a probabilistic model was specified. The analytical tools used were descriptive statistics, Partial factor (labour) productivity, Foster Greer-Thorbecke Model, Markov chain model, Tobit, and Multinomial Logit Regression Models. Labour productivity increased between the two periods although labour productivity growth was very low. Labour productivity growth negatively and significantly aﬀected the transition into food security and being chronically food insecure. Thus, a boost for labour productivity growth should be targeted as a safetynet, especially for the food insecure and households vulnerable to food insecurity.
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