POTENTIAL OF ORGANIC PRODUCTION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF YOUTH IN SERBIA
Keywords:organic production, potential, youth, Serbia
Organic agriculture in Serbia is represented by only 0.4% of total agricultural production, which places Serbia at the back of list of European countries and countries in the region. Such production should be part of a rural development strategy. The aim of this work was to establish what would be the motivation of young people to start organic production, on which the perspective of this production depends. A survey conducted on 100 young people, students of the Unit for Agricultural and Business Studies and Tourism was used as a method of work. The results of the survey were summarized, presented as a percentage and described. The results of the survey indicate that 70% of respondents would like to engage in organic plant production, primarily due to the production of high quality food and environmental protection. However, the main shortcomings are insufficient information, insufficient financial support, difficult plant protection and insufficiently organized purchase of products. Most young people would choose to engage in fruit growing (53%).
Berenji, J., Milenković, S., Kalentić, M., Stefanović, E. (2013): National research agenda for the organic production sector, GIZ-Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH; ACCESS Private Sector Development Program in Serbia. Belgrade: NASO.
Brzezina, N., Biely, K., Helfgott, A., Kopainsky, B., Vervoort, J., Mathijs, E. (2017): Development of organic farming in Europe at the crossroads: Looking for the way forward through system archetypes lenses. Sustainability, vol. 9, 821. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9050821
Curić, J., Ceranić, S. (2011): Organic food value chain in Serbia. Proceedings of the XXV Conference of Agronomists, Veterinarians, Technologists and Agroeconomists, Institute of PKB Agroeconomics, Belgrade, 17(3-4), 185-191.
Cvijanović, G., Dozet, G., Popović. V., Marinković, J., Dragičević, V, Kaluđerović, D., Cvijanović, M. (2013): Qualitative and quantitative properties of soybeans depending on nitrogen nutrition, Proceedings, Production and processing of oilseeds 54. Conference of the oil industry, Herceg Novi, 75-82.
Cvijanović, M., Đukić, V., Miladinov, Z., Cvijanović, V., Dozet, G., Đurić, N. (2020): Possibility of application of some technical and technological methods in weed control in sustainable production, Proceedings of the scientific conference with international participation “Village and Agriculture”, University “Bijeljina”, Bijeljina, 106-119.
Ćurčić, M., Todorović, V., Dakić, P., Ristić, K., Bogavac, M., Špiler, M., & Rosić, M. (2021): Economic potential of agro-food production in the Republic of Serbia. Ekonomika poljoprivrede, 68(3), 687-700. Doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/ekoPolj2103687C
Dubrovsky, N.M., Burow K.R., Clark, G.M., Gronber, J.M., Hamilton, P.A., Hitt, K.J., Mueller, D.K., Munn, M.D., Nolan, B.T., Puckett, L.J., Rupert, M.G., Short, T.M., Sparh, N.E., Spraque, L.A., Wilber, W.G. (2010): The quality of our nation’s waters: Nutrients in the nation’s streams and groundwater, 1992–2004. Circular 1350. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey. http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1350/
Gebska M., Grontkowska A., Swiderek W., Golebiewska B. (2020): Farmer Awareness and Implementation of Sustainable Agriculture Practices in Different Types of Farms in Poland, Sustainability 2020, 12, 8022; doi:10.3390/su12198022
Ilić-Kosanović, T., Pažun, B., Langović, Z., & Tomić, S. (2019). Perception of small farmers in Serbia regarding the use of ICT and possibilities of organic agriculture. Ekonomika poljoprivrede, 66(4), 989-1001. https://doi.org/10.5937/ekoPolj1904989I
Jespersen, L.M.; Baggesen, D.L.; Fog, E.; Halsnæs, K.; Hermansen, J.E.; Andreasen, L.; Strandberg, B.; Sørensen, J.T.; Halberg, N. (2017): Contribution of organic farming to public goods in Denmark. Org. Agric.,7, 243–266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13165-017-0193-7
Jonathan, M. H. (2009): Economics of environment and natural resources. Belgrade, Republic of Serbia: Data status.
Lakićević, M., Kostić, M., Pantović, D., & Žarevac-Bošković, M. (2022). Effects of climate change on sustainable tourism development in the Republic of Serbia – a case study of Vrnjačka Banja,. Ekonomika, 68(1), 81-93.
Lazić, B., Sekulić, P., Malešević, M., Lazić, S., Đurovka, M., Lazarević, R. (2008): Organic Agriculture, Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad.
Lernoud, J., Willer, H. (2017): Current statistics on organic agriculture worldwide: Area, operators and market, In: The world of organic agriculture 2017. Statistics and emerging trends. FIBL and IFOAM.
Łuczka, W., Kalinowski, S., Shmygol, N. (2021): Organic Farming Support Policy in a Sustainable Development Context: A Polish Case Study. Energies, 14, 4208. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144208
Pavlović, M. M., Popović, J., & Turnjanin, D. (2021). Development of small and medium enterprises in Serbia. Oditor, 7(2), 47-64. https://doi.org/10.5937/Oditor2102047P
Reganold, J. P., Wachter, J. M. (2002): Organic agriculture in the twenty-first century“, Nature plants, 2: 1-8. DOI: 10.1038/NPLANTS.2015.221
Rozman, Č., Pažek, K., Kljajić, M., Bavec, M., Turk, J., Bavec, F., Kofjan, D., Škraba, A. (2013): The dynamic simulation of organic farming development scenarios – A case study in Slovenia, Computers and electronics in agriculture, 96, 163-172, Elviser VB, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Simić, I. (2021): Organic production in Serbia 2020, National Association for the Development of Organic Production Serbia Organika, Belgrade.
Simić, M., Vassileva, A., & Aničić, A. (2021). Economic aspects of the integration processes of the Republic of Serbia. Oditor, 7(2), 83-93. https://doi.org/10.5937/Oditor2102083S
Stefanović, E., Kalentić, M., Vučković, J. (2010): Organic food market research in Serbia, Proceedings of the fourth forum on organic agriculture, Selenca.
UNEP (2010): Sustainable Agriculture and the Sustainable Use of Agricultural Biodiversity: Concepts, Trends and Challenges. Convention on Biological Diversity. https://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/sbstta/sbstta-14/information/sbstta-14-inf-34-en.pdf
Vehapi, S., Dolićanin, E. (2016): Consumers behavior on organic food: Evidence from the Republic of Serbia. Economics of Agriculture, 63(3), 871-889. doi:10.5937/ekopolj1603871v