The present paper aims to highlight the discrepancies between two countries of the European Union, Romania and Denmark, in the perspective of the Sustainable Development Goals. As Denmark is seen as a primer European and Global nation in achieving the United Nations’ targets, Romania can use this example as a guideline on how to act and to obtain the most notable results. The article proposes some key principles that Romanians could follow in order to successfully fulfill the 2030 Action Plan having, as an example, the strategies and indicators reached by Denmark. The current work paper is structured as a review of the two reports that voluntarily summarize the situation of the Sustainable Development Goals in each state, followed by a statistical analysis of investment behavior and concluded with an analysis of the most notable differences between the states based on the dataset published by Eurostat.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Cruceanu, D., Anghel, M. G., & Diaconu, A. (2016). Multiple liniar regression utilized in variables correlation analysis. Romanian Statistical Review(10), 110- 113 [in Romanian: Regresia multipla liniara utilizata in analiza corelatiei dintre variabile].
2. Education Ministry. (2020, February 15). Retrieved from Baccalaureate Statistics: http://static.bacalaureat.edu.ro/2020/
3. Eurostat. (2020, March 3). Retrieved from Farm Labour Force: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/tag00020/default/table?lang=en
4. Eurostat. (2020, April 12). Retrieved from Economic accounts for agriculture - agricultural income: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/product?code=aact_eaa06
5. Eurostat. (2020, March 12). Retrieved from Length of motorways and e-roads: https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=road_if_motorwa&lang=en
6. Eurostat. (2020, January 20). Retrieved from People at risk of poverty or social exclusion by age and sex: https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_peps01&lang=en
7. Eurostat. (2020, April 3). Retrieved from Agricultural holdings by agricultural area: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/tag00001/default/table?lang=en
8. Eurostat. (2020, March 6). Retrieved from Expenditure on education as % of GDP or public expenditure: https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=educ_fgdp&lang=en
9. Eurostat. (2020, February 18). Retrieved from Structure of earnings survey 2014: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/earn_ses2014_esms.htm
10. Eurostat. (2020, April 13). Retrieved from Supply, transformation and consumption of renewables and wastes: https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=nrg_cb_rw&lang=en
11. Eurostat. (2020, February 7). Retrieved from National expenditure on environmental protection by institutional sector: https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do
12. Eurostat. (2020, January 17). EU Open Data Portal. Retrieved from Special Eurobarometer 449: Gender-based violence: https://data.europa.eu/euodp/en/data/dataset/S2115_85_3_449_ENG
13. Eurostat. (2020, Febrary 13). Gross domestic product at market prices. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/tec00001/default/table?lang=en14. F.A.O. (2020, February 11). Faostat. Retrieved from Macro Indicators: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/MK
15. Glass, L.-M., & Newig, J. (2019). Governance for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: How important are participation, policy coherence, reflexivity, adaptation and democratic institutions? Earth System Governance, 2.
16. INSSE, R. N. (2020, March 12). Retrieved from Romanian Statistical Yearbook: https://insse.ro/cms/sites/default/files/field/publicatii/anuarul_statistic_al_romaniei_carte_ro.pdf
17. Ministry of Environment. (2019, September 15). Romania’s Voluntary National Review: Transformation Towards a Sustainable and Resilient Romania. Retrieved September 11, 2019, from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/19952Voluntary_National_Review_ROMANIA_with_Cover.pdf
18. Ministry of Finance. (2019, October 6). Report for the Voluntary National Review: Denmark’s Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Develpment. Retrieved September 7, 2019, from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/16013Denmark.pdf
19. PricewaterhouseCoopers. (2017). Principles for Responsible Investment, The SDG Investment Case. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.unpri.org/download?ac=5909
20. Sachs, J., Shmidt-Traub, G., Kroll, C., Lafortune, G., & Fuller, G. (2019). Sustainable Development Report 2019. New York: Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).
21. U.N. (2015). The Millenium Development Goals Report. New York: United Nations.
22. U.N. (2020, August 5). Sustainable Develpment Goals. Retrieved from https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals.html
23. World Bank. (2020, April 25). Retrieved from World Bank Data: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?locations=RO
24. World Bank. (2020, April 15). UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved from Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) - Romania: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.ADT.LITR.ZS?locations=RO
How to Cite
TURCEA, Vlad Constantin. UNITED NATIONS’ SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS REVIEW – DUAL ANALYSIS OF ROMANIA AND DENMARK. Economics of Agriculture, [S.l.], v. 67, n. 4, p. 1309-1336, dec. 2020. ISSN 2334-8453. Available at: <http://ea.bg.ac.rs/index.php/EA/article/view/1741>. Date accessed: 16 apr. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/ekoPolj2004309T.