EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES AGRI-FOOD TRADE STRUCTURES AND MAIN COMPETITORS ON THE INTERNAL AND GLOBAL AGRI-FOOD MARKETS

  • Štefan Bojnec University of Primorska, Faculty of Management, Cankarjeva 5, SI-6101 Koper http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1270-6372
  • Imre Fertő Director, Institute of Economics, Centre for Regional and Economic Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Tóth K. u. 4, H-1097 Budapest, Professor of Agricultural Economics, Kaposvár University, Guba Sándor u. 4, H-74000 Kaposvár http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3742-5964

Abstract

The paper investigates the key insights of European Union (EU) member states agri-food export and import structures and main competitors in the internal and global agri-food markets in terms of geographical distributions and product coverage. The focus is on four agri-food product groups in global trade: fruit and vegetable products, grain products, meat products, and dairy products. The identification of the major competitors in internal EU markets and major EU competitors in global agri-food trade by calculating revealed comparative advantage indices show considerable differences by products and product groups, but in general the major competitors of the EU member states in the analysed global agri-food markets were particularly overseas countries such as the United States of America, Canada, Argentina, New Zealand, and Australia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Balassa, B. (1965). Trade liberalization and revealed comparative advantage. The Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies, 33(2), 99-123.
2. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2009). Agro-food trade competitiveness of Central European and Balkan countries. Food Policy, 34(5), 417-425.
3. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2014a). Export competitiveness of dairy products on global markets: The case of the European Union countries. Journal of Dairy Science, 97(10), 6151-6163.
4. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2014b). Meat export competitiveness of European Union countries on global markets. Agricultural and Food Science, 23(3), 194-206.
5. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2015a). Agri-food export competitiveness in European Union countries. Journal of Common Market Studies, 53(3), 476-492.
6. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2015b). Fruit and vegetable trade competitiveness of European Union countries. Mitteilungen Klosterneuburg Rebe und Wein, Obstbau und Früchteverwertung, 65(1), 56-71.
7. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2015b). Does enlargement has caused intra and extra European Union agri-food trade? Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 21(1), 1-15.
8. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2016a). Drivers of the duration of grain competitiveness in European Union countries. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 18(5), 1173-1185.
9. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2016b). Export competitiveness of the European Union in fruit and vegetable products in the global markets. Agricultural Economics – Czech (Zemědělská ekonomika), 62(7), 299-310.
10. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2017a). Quality upgrades of EU agri-food exports. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 68(1), 269-279.
11. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2017b). The duration of global agri-food export competitiveness. British Food Journal, 119(6), 1378-1393.
12. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2018a). Drivers of the duration of comparative advantage in the European Union’s agri-food exports. Agricultural Economics – Czech (Zemědělská ekonomika), 64(2), 51-60.
13. Bojnec, Š., & Fertő, I. (2018b). Economic crisis and the fragility of comparative advantage in European agriculture. German Journal of Agricultural Economics, 67(3), 147-159.
14. Bojnec, Š., Fertő, I., & Fogarasi, J. (2015). Quality of institutions and the BRIC countries agro-food exports. China Agricultural Economic Review, 6(3), 379-394.
15. Buturac, G., Lovrinčević, Ž., & Mikulić, D. (2017). International competitiveness and restructuring of the Croatian food industry. Acta Oeconomica, 67(3), 435-462.
16. De Benedictis, L., & Tamberi, M. (2004). Overall specialization empirics: techniques and applications. Open Economies Review, 15(4), 323-346.
17. Jambor, A., & Babu S. (2016). Competitiveness of Global Agriculture. Springer, Cham.
18. Sarker, R., & Ratnasena, S. (2014). Revealed comparative advantage and half-acentury competitiveness of Canadian agriculture: A case study of wheat, beef, and pork sectors. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 62(4), 519-544.
19. United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD). Commodity Trade Database (COMTRADE), Available through World Bank’s World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS), Retrieved from http://www.wits.worldbank.org (March 20, 2018).
20. Vollrath, T.L. (1991). A theoretical evaluation of alternative trade intensity measures of revealed comparative advantage. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 130(2), 263-279.
21. World Trade Organisation (WTO). International Trade Statistics. Geneva: World Trade Organisation, Retrieved from http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/its_e.htm (March 20, 2018).
Published
2019-06-25
How to Cite
BOJNEC, Štefan; FERTŐ, Imre. EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES AGRI-FOOD TRADE STRUCTURES AND MAIN COMPETITORS ON THE INTERNAL AND GLOBAL AGRI-FOOD MARKETS. Economics of Agriculture, [S.l.], v. 66, n. 2, p. 635-650, june 2019. ISSN 2334-8453. Available at: <http://ea.bg.ac.rs/index.php/EA/article/view/1587>. Date accessed: 19 july 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/ekoPolj1902635B.