Quantitative and qualitative assessments of agri-food trade trends post accession – Romania’s case

  • Mirela Rusali, PhD Agri-Food Economy, Trade and Rural Development Policies - Institute of Agricultural Economics of The Romanian Academy; Bucharest


The paper presents the main results of a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of Romania’s agriculture external performances on the EU-27 market after the accession. The analysis comprise trends and structure of trade flows, determinants of the net trade and relative unit value indices measured on traded products aggregated by chapters/ sections of the Combined Nomenclature. The empirical results indicate changes in agrifood competitiveness, commercial disadvantages compared to EU products, dependence on imports of processed products and of animal origin, the low competitiveness of the processing sector being the main disadvantage in achieving higher revenue from exports. The general outcome underlines a decrease of domestic performance facing a growing external competitiveness, with a strong impact both on the food industry that have to reshape its strategies for going on the market and on the agricultural sector where changes imposed by adoption of CAP increase the pressures on farmers facing the market developments.


Download data is not yet available.


1. European Commission, 2009, Agriculture in the European Union
2. European Commission, 2004, A Study on the Factors of Regional Competitiveness, Directorate-General Regional Policy.
3. EUROSTAT, 2009, Agriculture Trade Statistics. http:// ec.europa.eu/ trade.
4. Hine R.C., Greenaway D., Milner C., Vertical and Horizontal Intra-Industry Trade: An Analysis of Country- and Industry-Specifc Determinants, in: “Intra-Industry Trade and Adjustment”, Brülhart M., Hine R.C., Macmillan, London 1998.
5. Rusali Mirela, 2008, Comparative Advantages of Romania’s Agri-Food Trade within the EU Context, in: “Knowledge, Sustainability and Bioresources in the further Development of the Agri-food System”, Brasili C., Fanfani R., Rastoin JL., Ed. BUP, Bologna.
How to Cite
RUSALI, Mirela. Quantitative and qualitative assessments of agri-food trade trends post accession – Romania’s case. Economics of Agriculture, [S.l.], v. 57, n. Spec.num.2, p. 271-279, dec. 2010. ISSN 2334-8453. Available at: <http://ea.bg.ac.rs/index.php/EA/article/view/1001>. Date accessed: 28 sep. 2020.