THE LEGAL NATURE AND THE FRAMEWORK FOR COOPERATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • Miodrag Mićović, PhD University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Law, Kragujevac

Abstract

The subject of the paper are issues related to the legal nature of cooperatives and legal framework for the cooperative activities. When it comes to the legal nature of the cooperatives, newly enacted rules have not made substantial changes with regard to the previously applicable classical concept of cooperatives. Along with that, legal framework for cooperatives is consisted of certain special rules, which differ from the rules that apply for companies, such as: number of founders of the cooperative; persons who may be members of the cooperative; activity; basic capital; the right to vote, quorum and decision-making; proft distribution. The aim of this paper is to highlight the role of cooperatives in the stabilization of the economy, as well as to point out the need to amend the rules contained in the Law on Cooperatives in accordance with the latest developments of the cooperative organization. The legal analysis has shown that it is necessary to: alter the attitude of the cooperative as a form of organization of natural persons; relativize the effect of the principle of one cooperative member - one vote, self-help and identity in order to strengthen the market functions of the cooperatives. The analysis of the co-operative rules and conclusions are drawn out using the comparative legal method.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. American Uniform Limited Cooperative Association Act (ULCAA), (available at: http://www.uniformlaws.org/shared/docs/limited%20cooperative%20association/ulcaa_fnal_07.pdf).
2. Avsec, F. (2009): Članstvo korisnika i investitora u zadruzi: uporedni pregled uređenja u evropskom privrednom prostoru i SAD, Strani pravni život, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 85-126, Institut za uporedno pravo, Beograd, Srbija.
3. Borzaga, C., Galera, G. (2012): Promovisanje zadruga u stvaranju boljeg sveta, (available at: http://www.euricse.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/venice_croatian_3.0_0.pdf).
4. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions on the promotion of co-operative societies in Europe [COM(2004)18], Brussels, 23/02/2004 (available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52004DC0018).
5. Fici, A. (2013): Pan-European Cooperative Law: Where Do We Stand?, European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises, Working Paper, no. 47, pp. 1-12, Trento, Italy, (available at: http://www.euricse.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/1358347724_n2285.pdf).
6. Jurić, D. (2006): Europska zadruga, Pravo i porezi, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 58-67, RRIF, Zagreb, Hrvatska.
7. Hagen, H. (2002): Aktuelne tendencije u uporednom zadružnom pravu, Pravo, teorija i praksa, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 48-61, Univerzitet Privredna akademija, Pravni fakultet za privredu i pravosuđe, Novi Sad, Srbija.
8. Ibánez, I.E. (2011): Law Applicable to the European Cooperative Society: special reference to the european cooperative established in Spain, European Company and Financial Law Review, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 30–46, De Gruyter, Berlin, Germany.
9. Izveštaj o zadrugama i zadrugarstvu, (available at: http://www.uciteljneznalica.org/upload/ebook/928_Izve%C5%A1taj%20o%20zadrugarstvu.pdf).
10. Morel, S. (2014): Valorisation de l’histoire et du patrimoine des coop´eratives agricoles : L’exemple de la Loire, Saint-Etienne, (available at: https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00993464/document).
11. Nilsson, J. (1999): Cooperative Organisational Models as Reflections of the Business Environments, The Finnish Journal of Business Economics, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 449-470, Association for Business Administration, Finland, (available at: http://lta.hse.f/1999/4/lta_1999_04_a6.pdf).
12. OHADA Uniform Act, (available at: http://www.ohadalegis.com/AUDSC2014.htm).
13. Popović, V. (2012): Zadrugarstvo i njegov značaj za razvoj privrede Republike Srpske, Pravo i privreda, no. 4-6, pp. 97-106.
14. Predlog Zakona o zadrugama, (available at: http://paragraf.rs/dnevnevesti/211215/211215-vest31.html).
15. Regulation EU 1435/03 of July 22, 2003 on the Statute of the European Cooperative Society, Offcial Journal EU, no. 207/03.
16. Ripert, G., Roblot, R. (1998): Traite de droit commercial, t. 1, L.G.D.J, Paris, France.
17. Timčić, A. (2016): Normativna određenja i ograničenja uslužnih delatnosti zadruga u Republici Srbiji, Zbornik: Usluge i uslužna pravila, Kragujevac, Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Kragujevcu, Srbija, pp. 161-168.
18. Vitez, M. (1998): Zadruga i naše privredno pravo, Pravo, teorija i praksa, vol. 15, no. 5-6, pp. 21-31, Univerzitet Privredna akademija, Pravni fakultet za privredu i pravosuđe, Novi Sad, Srbija.
19. Zakon o zadrugama, Sl. glasnik RS, no. 112/15.
20. Zakon o bankama, Sl. glasnik RS, no. 107/2005, 91/2010 and 14/2015.
21. Zakon o zadrugama Republike Hrvatske, Narodne novine, no. 34/11, 125/13,76/14.
22. Zakon o trgovačkim društvima Republike Hrvatske, Narodne novine, no. 111/93, 34/99, 121/99, 52/00, 118/03, 107/07, 146/08, 137/09, 125/11, 152/11, 111/12, 68/13, 110/15.
Published
2017-09-30
How to Cite
MIĆOVIĆ, Miodrag. THE LEGAL NATURE AND THE FRAMEWORK FOR COOPERATIVE ACTIVITIES. Economics of Agriculture, [S.l.], v. 64, n. 3, p. 1205-1218, sep. 2017. ISSN 2334-8453. Available at: <http://ea.bg.ac.rs/index.php/EA/article/view/84>. Date accessed: 13 nov. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.5937/ekoPolj1703205M.