Natural beauties of Eastern Serbia combined with the culture, traditions, food specialties and music, can become a recognizable tourism brand, which could improve the image of this part of Serbia, and that is the reason why Eastern Serbia has been recently discovering its potential for tourism development. The aim of this paper is to analyze the current and potential elements for tourism development of Eastern Serbia’s products. Based on the relevant literature and factual situation on the feld, the goal is to rank strategies for tourism development on the territory of Eastern Serbia in order to enable better positioning of tourism in Eastern Serbia on the Serbian tourist map. In order to rank tourism development strategies we have used neutrosophic sets. The justification and usability of the proposed approach for the selection of tourism development strategy is demonstrated in the implemented numerical example.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Arsić, S., Nikolić, D., & Živković, Ž. (2017). Hybrid SWOT-ANP-FANP model for prioritization strategies of sustainable development of ecotourism in National Park Djerdap, Serbia. Forest Policy and Economics, 80, 11-26.
2. Baušys, R., & Juodagalvienė, B. (2017). Garage location selection for residential house by WASPAS-SVNS method. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 23(3), 421-429.
3. Čerović, S., & Petović, P. (2006). Determining the priorities of tourism development in Serbia. Tourism, 10(6), 141-143. [in Serbian: Черовић, С., Петовић, П. (2006). Утврђивање приоритета развоја туризма Србије].
4. Cvijanović, D. (2014). Tourist market in the Danube Region. Institute of Agricultural Economics, Belgrade. [in Serbian: Цвијановић, Д. (2014). Туристичко тржиште у Дунавском региону].
5. Cvijanović, D., & Vuković, P. (2012). The role of marketing in tourism in the Danube region of Serbia. Monograph, Institute of Agricultural Economics, Belgrade. [in Serbian: Цвијановић, Д., & Вуковић, П. (2012). Улога маркетинга у туризму дунавског региона Србије].
6. Galanta, A., Anab, P., Slivarc, I., & Pula, Z. (2016). Aligning wishes and environment sustainability: a focus on higher tourism consumption. Oktay Emira, Yalcin Arslanturkb, Savas Artugerc, 141.
7. Jawabreh, O. A. (2014). Tourism and the local community In Jordan and India. Pensee, 76(2).
8. Maksimović M., Urošević S., & Karabašević D., (2016a). Mining heritage in the function of development of mining tourism on Stara Planina. 6 th International Symposium on natural resources management, 25-26 june, 2016. Zaječar. [in Serbian: Максимовић, М., Урошевић, С., & Карабашевић, Д. (2016а). Рударско наслеђе у функцији развоја рударског туризма на Старој планини].
9. Maksimović, M., Urošević, S., & Karabašević, D. (2016b). Strategy Positioning of Rural tourism on Stara Planina. HiT Management, Hotel Management and Tourism Management, 4(2), 112-121. [in Serbian: Максимовић, М., Урошевић, С., & Карабашевић, Д. (2016б). Стратегија позиционирања руралног туризма Старе Планине].
10. Maksimović, M., Urošević, S., Stanujkić, D. & Karabašević D. (2016c). Selection of a Strategy of the Development of Mining Tourism Based on a Grey Relational Analysis. Mining and Metallurgy Engineering Bor, 1, 115-124.
11. Nikolić, R., Urošević, S., Fedajev, A., & Piljušić, M. (2013). Natural resource management as a function of environmental conservation. EMIT, Economics Management Information Technology, 2(1), 25-32.
12. Nurić, S., Nurić, A., Husić, M. & Husić, H. (2015). Using the mining railway infrastructure for the tourism potential. QUAESTUS, multidisciplinary research journal, 6, 109-118.
13. Petrić, L., & Mandić, A. (2014). Visitor management tools for protected areas focused on sustainable tourism development: the Croatian experience. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 13(6), 1483-1495.
14. Riznić, D., Voza, D., & Vuković, M. (2011). Possibility of promoting specific forms of tourism in the border municipalities of northeastern Serbia. ThemesJournal of Social Sciences, 4, 1455-1473. [in Serbian: Ризнић, Д., Воза, Д., & Вуковић, М. (2011). Могућности унапређења посебних облика туризма у пограничним општинама североисточне Србије].
15. Şahin, R. (2014).Multi-criteria neutrosophic decision making method based on score and accuracy functions under neutrosophic environment. arXiv preprint arXiv:1412.5202.
16. Smarandache, F. (1998). Neutrosophy: Neutrosophic Probability, Set, and Logic: Analytic Synthesis & Synthetic Analysis.
17. Smarandache, F. (1999). Neutrosophy: A Unifying Field in Logics: Neutrosophic Logic. Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability. American Research Press, Rehoboth.
18. Stanujkic, D., Smarandache, F., Zavadskas, E. K., & Karabasevic, D. (2016). Multiple Criteria Evaluation Model Based on the Single Valued Neutrosophic Set. Neutrosophic Sets & Systems, 14.
19. Stefanović, V., & Urošević, S. (2012). Human resources - a factor in the competitiveness of the tourism industry. Tourism: Challenges and Opportunities, Economic Institute, Belgrade, 20-22. Septembеr, 2012. Trebinje. [in Serbian: Стефановић, В., & Урошевић, С. (2012). Људски ресурсифактор конкурентности туристичке привреде].
20. Stefanović, V. (2009). Human Resources Management in Tourism. PMF, Novi Sad. [in Serbian: Стефановић, В. (2009). Менаџмент људских ресурса у туризму].
21. Štetić, S. (2003). Strategy of development and placement of tourist destination. Tourism, 7(3),7-9. [in Serbian: Штетић, С. (2003). Стратегија развоја и пласмана туристичке дестинације].
22. Streimikiene, D., & Bilan, Y. (2015). Review of Rural Tourism Development Theories. Transformations in Business & Economics, 14(2), 21-34.
23. Thitthongkam, T., & Walsh, J., (2010). Role of language in tourism organizational management. Asian Journal of Management Research, 1, 184–199.
24. Unković, S., & Zečević, B. (2009). Economics of tourism. Faculty of Economics, Belgrade. [in Serbian: Унковић, С., & Зечевић, Б. (2009). Економика туризма].
25. Urošević, S. (2015). Education and development of human resources in rural tourism. Applied Researches in Technics, Technologies and Education, ARTTE, 3(2), 143-149.
26. Urošević, S., Karabašević, D., & Maksimović, M. (2015). The concept of sustainable development of rural tourism. XXIII International Conference Ecological Truth, Ecoist 15, 17-20 june 2015. Kopaonik, Serbia.
27. Vojnović, B., Cvijanović, D., & Stefanović V. (2012). Developmental aspects of the tourist destination. Monograph, Institute of Agricultural Economics, Belgrade. [in Serbian: Војновић, Б., Цвијановић, Д., & Стефановић, В. (2012). Развојни аспекти туристичке дестинације].
28. Wang, H., Smarandache, F., Zhang, Y., & Sunderraman, R. (2010). Single valued neutrosophic sets. Review of the Air Force Academy, 1, 10.
29. Ye, J. (2014). A multicriteria decision-making method using aggregation operators for simplifed neutrosophic sets. Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems, 26(5), 2459-2466.
30. Zavadskas, E. K., Bausys, R., Kaklauskas, A., Ubarte, I., Kuzminske, A., & Gudiene, N. (2017). Sustainable market valuation of buildings by the singlevalued neutrosophic MAMVA method. Applied Soft Computing, 57, 74-87.
How to Cite
UROŠEVIĆ, Snežana et al. USING SINGLE VALUED NEUTROSOPHIC SET TO SELECT TOURISM DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN EASTERN SERBIA. Economics of Agriculture, [S.l.], v. 65, n. 2, p. 555-568, june 2018. ISSN 2334-8453. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 16 july 2018. doi:
Original scientific papers