SUSTAINABILITY OF CHEMICAL SOIL QUALITY IN SOUTHERN MORAVA RIVER VALLEY IN CORRELATION WITH THE FLOODING
Land as the main edaphic factor, plays a very important role in the production of various feld crops, fruit and vine crops. Its role is reﬂected in the fertility and productivity. Soil fertility includes content available nutrients, such as individual elements, pH and humus. The study of soil quality leads to conclusions about what the land is suitable for cultivation of what kind of culture. This paper presents the results of investigation of changes in soil quality in the South Morava river valley, in correlation with the ﬂoods. Different results of pH, humus, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, are obtaind in the function of time, within the research conducted. Experiment was implemented two years ago, immediately after the ﬂood and six months after the ﬂoods, which occurred in May 2014 in the region South Serbia. The methods that were used for the analysis of the soil are: colorimetric, photometric, potentiometric and spectrophotometry. Results show a high degree of sustainability of quality of land intended for the cultivation of feld crops. The conclusion is that the soil relatively quickly regenerate their properties after ﬂoods.
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