Organizations that hope to achieve a competitive advantage through employee engagement will be most successful by incorporating and including employee engagement in the performance management process. Therefore, essence of the performance management must to be convergence to employees and establish communication with each one. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between employee engagement (assessment of employee competencies and preferences of the engagement mechanisms), and performance management process in rural destinations. In this paper, the assumption is that the employee are more engaged if they feels belonging to the organization and see the value of their work and that this can be achieved through rewards and recognition system and effective communication channels. The research was conducted on 79 employeed in the Fruška Gora National Park, Serbia.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Bates, S. (2004). Getting engaged. HR Magazine, 49(2), 44-51.
2. Baumruk, R. (2004). The missing link: The role of employee engagement in business success. Workspan, 47, 48-52.
3. Borman, W. C., & Motowildo, S. J. (1993). Expanding the criterion domain to include elements of contextual performance. In N. Schmitt & W. C.
4. Borman (Eds.), Personnel selection in organizations (pp. 71-98). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
5. Banks, C. G., & May, K. E. (1999). Performance management: the real glue in organizations. In A. I. Kraut & A. K. Korman (Eds.), Evolving practices in human resource management (pp. 118-145). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
6. Bateman, T. S., & Crant, J. M. (1993). The proactive component of organizational behavior: A measure and correlates. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14, 103-118, doi:
7. Bukurov, B. (1978). Bačka, Banat, Srem. Matica Srpska, Novi Sad, (in English: Bukurov B. (1978). Backa, Banat, Srem, Matica Srpska, Novi Sad)
8. Baron, R. A. (1983). Behaviour in organisations. New York: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
9. Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2007). The job demands–resources model: State of the art. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22, 309-328, doi:10.1108/02683940710733115
10. Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2008). Towards a model of work engagement. Career Development International, 13, 209-223. doi:10.1108/13620430810870476
11. Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Verbeke, W. (2004). Using the job demands– resources model to predict burnout and performance. Human Resource Management, 43, 83-104.doi:
12. Buchner, T. W. (2007). Performance management theory: A look from the performer’s perspective with implications for HRD. Human Resource Development International, 10, 59-73. doi:
13. Cameron, K. S., & Caza, A. (2004). Contribution to the discipline of positive organizational scholarship. American Behavioral Scientist, 47, 731-739. doi: 10.1177/0002764203260207
14. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York: Harper & Row.
15. Cardy, R. L. (2004). Performance management: Concepts, skills, and exercises. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.
16. Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., Nachreiner, F., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2001). The job demands–resources model of burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 499-512. doi:
17. Dobbins, G. H., Cardy, R. L., Facteau, J. D., & Miller, J. M. (1993). Implications of situational constraints on performance evaluation and performance management. Human Resource Management Review, 3, 105-128.
18. Đurđev, S.B., Arsenović, D., Dragin, A. 2010: Contemporary problems in studying population of Vojvodina Province. Acta geographica Slovenica, 50(1), 115-129. Ljubljana. doi:
19. Fletcher, C., & Perry, E. L. (2001). Performance appraisal and feedback: A consideration of national culture and a review of contemporary research and future trends. In N. Anderson, D. S. Ones, H. K. Sinangil, & C. Viswesvaran (Eds.), Handbook of industrial, work, and organizational psychology, 1, 127-144. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
20. Fine, S., Horowitz, I., Weigler, H., & Basis, L. (2010). Is good character good enough? The effects of situational variables on the relationship between integrity and counterproductive work behaviors. Human Resources Management Review, 20, 73-84. doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2009.03.010
21. Gruman, J.A. & Saks, A.M. (2011). Performance management and employee engagement. Human Resource Management Review, 21, 123–136, doi:
22. Goleman, D. (1998). Working with emotional intelligence. London: Bloomsbury.
23. Grant, A. M., & Ashford, S. J. (2008). The dynamics of proactivity at work. Research in Organizational Behavior, 28, 3-34. doi:10.1016/j.riob.2008.04.002
24. Harter, J. K., Schmidt, F. L., & Hayes, T. L. (2002). Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 268-279. doi: 10.1037//0021-9010.87.2.268.
25. Jovičić, Ž. (1962). Geografske osnove za razvoj turizma na Fruškoj gori. Matica srpska, Novi Sad, (in English: Jovičić Ž. (1962). Geographical bases for the development of tourism on Fruška gora. Matica Srpska, Novi Sad).
26. Jones, T. W. (1995). Performance management in a changing context: Monsanto pioneers a competency-based, developmental approach. Human Resource Management, 34, 425-442.doi:
27. Kahn, W. A. (1990). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of Management Journal, 33, 692-724.
28. Kahn, W. A. (1992). To be full there: Psychological presence at work. Human Relations, 45, 321-349.doi:
29. Latham, G. P., Almost, J., Mann, S., & Moore, C. (2005). New developments in performance management. Organizational Dynamics, 34, 77-87. doi:10.1016/j.orgdyn.2004.11.001
30. Luthans, F. (2002a). The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 695-706. doi:
31. Luthans, F. (2002b). Positive organizational behavior: Developing and managing psychological strengths. Academy of Management Executive, 16, 57-72. doi:
32. Milić, Č. (1973). Fruška Gora - geomorfološka proučavanja. Matica Srpska, Novi Sad, (in English: Milić, Č. (1973). Fruška Gora - geomorphological studies. Matica Srpska, Novi Sad).
33. Macey, W. H., & Schneider, B. (2008). The meaning of employee engagement. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1, 3-30. doi:
34. Macey, W. H., Schneider, B., Barbera, K. M., & Young, S. A. (2009). Employee engagement: Tools for analysis, practice, and competitive advantage. Malden, WA: Wiley Blackwell
35. Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397-422. doi:
36. Mahazril, A. Y., Zuraini, Y., Hafzah, H. A. K., Adnan, A., Zaherawati, Z., Nazni, N. & Badrul, A.M. (2012). Work Motivation among Malaysian Public Servants. Asian Social Science; 8(12), 238-242, doi:10.5539/ass.v8n12p238
37. Mone, E. M., & London, M. (2010). Employee engagement through effective performance management: A practical guide for managers. New York: Routledge. doi:
38. Perry, J.L. & Lois, R.W. (1990). The Motivational Bases of Public Service. Public Administration Review 50(3), 367-73.
39. Pulakos, E. D., Arad, S., Donovan, M. A., & Plamondon, K. E. (2000). Adaptability in the workplace: Development of a taxonomy of adaptive performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 612-624. doi:10.1037//0021-9010.85.4.612
40. Pulakos, E. D., Mueller-Hanson, R. A., & O’Leary, R. S. (2008). Performance management in the United States. In A. Varma, P. S. Budhwar, & A. DeNisi (Eds.), Performance management systems: A global perspective (pp. 97-114). New York: Routledge.
41. Rousseau, D. M. (1990). New hire perceptions of their own and their employer’s obligations: A study of psychological contracts. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 11, 389-400. doi:
42. Richman, A. (2006). Everyone wants an engaged workforce how can you create it? Workspan, 49, 36-39.
43. Rothbard, N. P. (2001). Enriching or depleting? The dynamics of engagement in work and family roles. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46, 655-684. doi: .
44. Rizwan, Q.D., & Ali, U. (2010). Impact of Reward and Recognition on Job Satisfaction and Motivation: An Empirical Study from Pakistan. International journal of business and management, 5(2), 159-167. doi: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n2p159
45. Schaufeli, W. B., & Bakker, A. B. (2004). Job demands, job resources, and their relationship with burnout and engagement: A multi-sample study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 293-315, doi: 10.1002/job.248
46. Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., Gonzalez-Roma, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout: A two sample confrmatory factor analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 71-92.
47. Schaufeli, W., & Salanova, M. (2007). Work engagement: An emerging psychological concept and its implications for organizations. In S. W. Gilliland, D. D. Steiner & D. P. Skarlicki (Eds.), Managing social and ethical issues in organizations (pp. 135-177). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing. doi:10.1108/CDI-09-2013-0114
48. Singh, P. (2008). Job analysis for a changing world. Human Resource Management Review, 18, 87-99, doi:
49. Sparrow, P. (2008). Performance management in the U.K. In A. Varma, P. S. Budhwar, & A. DeNisi (Eds.), Performance management systems: A global perspective (pp. 131-146). New York: Routledge,
50. Stiles, P., Gratton, L., Truss, C., Hope-Hailey, V., & McGovern, P. (1997). Performance management and the psychological contract. Human Resource Management Journal, 7, 57-66. doi:
51. Seligman, M. E. P., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55, 5-14. doi: 10.1037//0003-066x.55.1.5.
52. Tierney, P., & Farmer, S. M. (2002). Creative self-effcacy: Its potential antecedents and relationship to creative performance. Academy of Management Journal, 45, 1137-1138. doi:
53. Turnley, W. H., Bolino, M. C., Lester, S. W., & Bloodgood, J. M. (2003). The impact of psychological contract fulfllment on the performance of in-role and organizational citizenship behaviors. Journal of Management, 29, 187-206. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00087.x
54. Vujko, A. Plavša, J. (2010). Netvorking of Fruška gora lakes tourist offer through system of cyclepaths – case study Sot, Bruje and Moharač, Scientifc and technical journal in tourism Tourism, 15(1), 1-10. doi:10.5937/Turizam1101001V
55. Allen, L. R., Long, P. T., Perdue, R. R., Kieselbach, S. (1988). The Impact of Tourism Development on Residents’ Perceptions of Community Life, Journal of Travel Research, 27(1), 16–21.
How to Cite
VUNJAK, Nenad M et al. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS IN CORPORATE MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT IN RURAL DESTINATIONS. Economics of Agriculture, [S.l.], v. 67, n. 4, p. 1087-1101, dec. 2020. ISSN 2334-8453. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 jan. 2021. doi:
Original scientific papers